A Louis XV Style Marquetry and Gilt-Bronze Mounted Commode

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Object Description

A Very Fine Louis XV Style Marble Top Marquetry and Gilt-Bronze Commode by Joseph-Emmanuel Zwiener.

French, Circa 1880.

The keyhole escutcheon stamped with the ‘ZN’ mark from the bronze master model. The back of the bronzes stamped ‘NZ’.

This exceptional commode has a brèche de Saint-Maximin marble top and is veneered with bois de violette, bois de bout and floral marquetry on satiné veneers.

This rare commode with its distinctive heart shaped bronze mounts is illustrated by Christopher Payne in his book ‘Paris Furniture: The Luxury Market of the 19th Century’; p. 558.

Object History

Joseph-Emmanuel Zwiener (1848- 1895) was one of the leading furniture makers of the end of the nineteenth century. Of German extraction he established a very successful studio in Paris, producing the very finest furniture, often inspired by the public collections in France. He employed as his sculptor, Léon Messagé, the genius Parisian sculptor.

Zwieners pieces were acquired by many of the leading collectors of the nineteenth century. In particular he supplied his interpretation of the famous Bureau du Roi to Ludwig II at Herrenchiemsee, which was placed in the King’s study in 1884.

Zwiener exhibited at the 1889 Paris Exposition Universelle, where he was awarded a gold medal, for a stand which included an exceptional cabinet designed by Messagé (illustrated in Meyer, pl. H14).

In 1898, Zwiener received an extensive Royal commission from the King of Prussia, and was recalled to Berlin as the King would not order furniture from overseas makers when furnishing his palaces, preferring to order work only from native Germans. The Berlin Sculptor Otto Rohloff, whose bronze work is very similar to that of Messagé, may well have been hired by Zwiener for this Royal commission.

Object Literature

Payne, Christopher. Paris Furniture: The Luxury Market of the 19th Century, Editions Monelle Hayot (Saint-Remy-en-l’Eau), 2018; p. 558.

Object Details

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