A Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze Twenty-Four Light, Two-Tier, Cherub Chandelier

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Object Description

A Fine Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze Twenty-Four Light, Two-Tier, Cherub Chandelier, in the Manner of Pierre Gouthière.

French, Circa 1890.

This fine chandelier has an acanthus cast corona above a baluster stem with four trumpet playing putti; their acanthus wrapped lower sections extending to form eight scrolling candle arms. Below is a lower tier issuing a further sixteen acanthus wrapped candle arms, each terminating in leaf cast drip trays and circular nozzles.

The design for the chandelier is an adaptation of the model designed by Pierre Gouthière for Le Cabinet Doré in Marie-Antoinette’s private apartments at the Palace of Versailles. A design for the chandelier by Gouthière survives in the collections of the Musée des Arts Décoratifs.

Object History

Pierre Gouthière (1732 – 1813) son of a saddle maker, rose to become the most famous Parisian bronze chaser and gilder of the late 1700s, receiving commissions from some of the leading connoisseurs of his day. Like many successful apprentices, he married the widow of his first employer and took over his establishment. Success came quickly, and in November 1767 he received the title of doreur du roi (Gilder to the King) from Louis XV. Gouthière also supplied works to the Comte d’Artois, the Marquis de Marigny, and the marchand mercier Dominique Daguerre, among others.

Gouthière was a master of chasing and invented a new type of gilding that left a matte finish. He combined polished with matte finishes to create varied effects on the surfaces of his bronzes. He made many types of objects, including furniture mounts, ornaments for mantelpieces and coaches, and mounts for porcelain or marble vases.

Object Literature

Ottomeyer, Hans & Pröschel, Peter. Vergoldete Bronzen, Vol. I, Klinkhardt & Biermann, (Munich), 1986; p. 238, figs. 4.4.1. and 4.4.2.

Object Details

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