Hand painted papier maché, paper and wood on turned wood stands.
Claviceps purpurea (ergot, a fungi which grows on the ears of wheat and other cereals) by Brendel. The remaining models yet to be identified.
Robert Brendel (1821-1898)
Reinhold Brendel (1861 – 1927)
Heights of models on image from left to right: 48 cm + 36 cm + 53 cm
As detailed by the University of Aberdeen Zoology Museum, “In the late 19th Century Robert Brendel and his son Reinhold produced beautiful and accurate models of enlarged flowers at Breslau and Berlin. Usually the models were made of papier maché, but with other materials added to give detail and texture: wood, cotton, rattan, pulp cane, glass beads, feathers and gelatine.”
Reinhold Brendel was honoured with many awards at World Fairs:
Paris 1867 – an honourable mention
Vienna 1873 – bronze medal
Chicago 1893 – gold medal
Paris 1900 – gold medal
Brussels 1910 – gold medal
Prussian bronze state medal in 1896
Prussian Small Silver State Medal 1901
These didactic models of plants were in great demand in the 19th century due to their scientific accuracy. They were bought by Universities worldwide as aids to teaching, many from Alberto Dall’Eco who was a dealer in scientific and teaching tools and materials; active in Florence in the late 19th/early 20th centuries. The Department of Biology at the University of Florence still hold a collection of these specimens bought from Dall’Eco
University of Florence
National Museum of Liverpool hold over 200 models in their collections.
University of Aberdeen Zoology Museum
The Whipple Museum, University of Cambridge, Cambridge U.K.