This very nice quality armorial and crested George I silver kettle on stand was made in London in 1725 by Gabriel Sleath and measures 11.5 inches with handle raised by 9 inches from the handle across and stands on a cast tripod style base with scrolled arms and raised pad feet with the fixed burner being marked with the makers mark struck 4 times. The kettle itself has a large coat of arms to the front with a crest above, a cast and curved spout and cast handles holding a turned wood handle (some chips to the wood but very stable) and it has a turned wood finial on the hinged lid. It is fully and clearly hallmarked under the base and also inside the lid with makers mark and lion passant. A very nice kettle in very good condition weighing 45 ounces or 1401 grams.
The Marital Arms of Charles Douglas, the 3rd Duke of Queensberry and his wife, Lady Catherine Hyde
The armorial bearings as engraved upon this George II English Sterling Silver Kettle on its Stand by Gabriel Sleath hallmarked London 1725 are those of Charles Douglas, the 3rd Duke of Queensberry1 and his wife, Lady Catherine Hyde. These armorial bearings denote the marshalling of a marital coat showing the arms of the husband over the entire surface of the shield, whilst the arms of the wife are placed on a small shield (known as an escutcheon of pretence) centrally on the husband’s arms. This is an unusual marshalling of arms as the wife in question was not an heraldic heiress.2 They may be blazoned as follows:
Arms: Quarterly 1st and 4th Argent a human heart gules ensigned with an Imperial crown or on a chief azure three mullets of the field (for Douglas) 2nd and 3rd Azure a bend between six cross crosslets fitchy or (or Mar) all within a bordure of the last charged with a double tressure flory counterflory3 gules over all an escutcheon of pretence Azure a chevron between three lozenges or (for Hyde)
1 Charles was also amongst his many other peerages the 2nd Duke of Dover. 2 The correct marshalling of Charles and Catherine’s arms are illustrated on page 2. 3 The double tressure of Scotland in a form of augmentation granted to the family by King Charles II upon the creation of the Marquessate of Queensberry within the Peerage of Scotland in 1682.
Crest: A human heart gules ensigned with an Imperial Crown between two wings displayed all or (for Douglas)4
These armorial bearings undoubtedly commemorate the marriage of Charles Douglas (born 24th November 1698 died 22nd October 1778), the 3rd Duke of Queensberry and his wife, Lady Catherine Hyde (born circa 1701 died 17th July 1777). Charles and Catherine were married on 10th March 1720. Charles was the eldest surviving son of James Douglas, the 2nd Duke of Queensberry and his wife, The Honourable Mary Boyle,5 whilst Catherine was the daughter of Henry Hyde, the 4th Earl of Clarendon and 2nd Earl of Rochester and his wife, Jane Leveson-Gower. Charles succeeded to his father’s peerages on the 6th July 1711. Upon Charles’ death in 1778, the Dukedom of Dover and its associated inferior peerages all within the Peerage of England fell into extinction for the want of a male heir, whilst his Scottish peerages were inherited by his kinsman, William Douglas who became the 4th Duke of Queensberry.