This quality set of 3 octagonal armorial George I Britannia silver castors were made in London in 1715 by Charles Adams and measure 7.75 inches tall by 3 inches at it’s widest and 2 5/8 inches in dia across the base and 2 measuring 6.5 inches tall by 2.25 inches wide and 2 1/8 inches wide across the base. They each have a coat of arms to the front and they all have pull off lids, the lids being well pierced and having faceted finials atop. They are all fully and clearly hallmarked under the bases with the large one and one of the smaller ones having the makers mark and lions head erased on the lid rim and the other with the makers mark. An excellent set of castors in super condition weighing 22.80 ounces or 709 grams.
The Marital Arms of Spencer and Ashton
The armorial bearings as engraved upon this Suite of Three George I Britannia Silver Castors by Charles Adams hallmarked London 1715 are those of the family of Spencer impaling Ashton. These armorial bearings denote the marshalling of a marital coat showing on the dexter (the heraldic right on the left as you view the piece) the arms of the husband and on the sinister (the heraldic left on the right as you view it) the arms of the wife. They may be blazoned as follows:
(on the dexter) Azure a fess ermine between six seamews’ heads erased proper (for Spencer)
(on the sinister) Argent a mullet pierced sable (for Ashton)
These armorial bearings undoubtedly commemorate the marriage of William Spencer (born 1691 died 17561), of Canon Hall,2 Cawthorn, near Barnsley in the County of Yorkshire and his wife, Christiana Ashton (born circa 1687 died 1737). William and Christiana were married at the Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels, Hathersage in the County of Derbyshire on the 5th January 1715. William was the eldest son of John Spencer, of Cannon Hall and his wife, Anne Wilson, whilst
1 William’s Will was dated the 24th January 1753 and proved at London on the 5th April 1756. 2 Sometimes spelt as ‘Cannon Hall’.
Christiana was the youngest daughter of Benjamin Ashton, of Hathersage Hall and his wife, Christiana Turner.
Given the date of hallmarking of these three castors William and Christiana must have acquired them shortly their marriage and caused their marital arms to be engraved on same.
The Marriage Allegation or Bond for William Spencer and Christiana Ashton (Diocese of Lichfield and Coventry).
The Marriage Entry of William Spencer and Christiana Ashton in the Register of the Parish Church of St Michael and All Saints, Hathersage, Co. Derbyshire 5th January 1715.