The first veterinary school was founded in Lyon, France in 1761 by Claude Bourgelat, and that’s essentially when the profession of veterinary medicine officially began. The school focused on studying the anatomy and diseases of sheep, horses and cattle in an effort to combat cattle deaths from a plague in France. The term ‘veterinarian’ started to emerge mainly in the 1830s when “the profession” was getting fed up with their lowly position in life (and demeaning treatment from the ‘human’ surgeons) and thus they began to think of forming a professional association.
Very early veterinarians were mainly concerned with the care of livestock and horses and mules. But by the 1890’s, many veterinarians were involved in figuring out and controlling those diseases that affect humans and our food supply for example, in 1891, Dr. Leonard Pearson initiated the tuberculosis testing of cattle to help stop the spread of this disease to both man and other cattle. As such, veterinary science came of age in the late 19th century, with notable contributions from Sir John McFadyean, credited by many as having been the founder of modern Veterinary research. For France in particular, the leech enjoyed a period of favour especially during the 19th century.
A stunning early example of trade signage in spellbindingly original condition; and of exceptional colour and texture.